technology

5 everyday items that wouldn’t exist without space travel, including cellphone cameras


Some of the inventions that we use on a daily basis now appeared due to the desire to deliver astronauts to orbit, including phones equipped with cameras and a computer mouse, along with better water filtration systems, and here we present to you 5 of the technological developments from space that are most used on Earth, according to what As reported by the British Daily Mail,

Camera phones

It’s been more than 20 years since the first camera phone was launched commercially in Japan, but you have to go back much, much further to see what enabled engineers to achieve this, even before the first digital camera was made in 1975.

This is because the first person to develop the concept of a digital camera was NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) engineer Eugene Lally, and in the 1960s, he described using mosaic optical sensors to digitize light signals and produce still images.

However, JPL didn’t work there, and thirty years later, in the 1990s, a team from the lab led by Eric Fossum looked for ways to dramatically zoom out the cameras on interplanetary spacecraft, but still maintain scientific image quality.

Fossum invented the CMOS Active Pixel Sensor (CMOS-APS), which has improved image quality and provides complete miniature imaging systems that operate quickly with low power requirements, and then realized that CMOS-APS technology would be useful not only for imaging in space but on the ground as well. In 1995, he and his colleagues founded Photobit.

Also, by the year 2000, they had shipped one million sensors, which were used in web cameras, dental radiography, and automotive applications.

This was the same technology that was then used by tech companies and has since become standard in phone cameras.

Wireless headphones

United Airlines invited anyone who was interested in coming up with an improved design for the headphones used by its pilots. In 1961, Courtney Graham, a pilot for the company, agreed there had to be a better way, and teamed up with his friend Keith Larkin, who was working at Plane— Aids, a small California company, to develop a lightweight headset for commercial use.

They came up with a design for a headset with a component that uses an acoustic tube connected to small transducers, commonly used in hearing aids, for both the microphone and the receiver. At the same time, NASA was also looking for a lightweight, self-contained communications product, and astronaut Wally Schirra helped in arriving at the newly formed Pacific Plantronics Corporation by Graham and Larkin.

Also, with the two organizations working together, they came up with a way to implant the company’s MS-50 headset into an astronaut’s helmet, before making improvements to the headset and microphone so it can be used throughout the Gemini, Apollo and Skylab missions.

The invention gained popularity after Neil Armstrong landed on the moon in 1969 and spoke through his own set of headphones.

computer mouse

NASA didn’t invent the mouse, but it’s fair to say that they had a huge role to play in helping the person who did, and that’s because in the early 1960s, Doug Engelbart at Stanford Research Institute was looking at different options for processing data on computer screens.

He had already been “dreaming and pushing about the use of computer interaction for about a decade” when a grant from NASA helped him start a study on various devices, and in the end, the primitive mouse was the one who won, marking the origin of a device many of us could not live without. Today.

water filtration systems

NASA needed a system that would provide astronauts with safe drinking water, so in the 1960s engineers at the US space agency invented an electrolytic silver ion generator to purify the water on the Apollo missions.

While the initial version of the invention never made it to space, it did help other filtration systems pop up in homes, schools, and hospitals around the world.

Things have changed a lot since then, and now astronauts on the International Space Station have water purification kits that can turn sweat, urine, and other human fluids into drinkable water.

Navigation devices and route map

Sputnik 1 was the first Earth satellite, launched by the Soviet Union into orbit in October 1957, and the United States soon followed, sending Explorer 1 up in January of the following year, before attention turned to moving humans into space and then to the moon.

But the development of satellite communications technology never stopped, and in 1960 the US Space Agency sent the Transit 1B satellite into orbit. It was designed to provide positioning for the US Navy’s fleet of Polaris ballistic missile submarines, a mission it carried out for more than 30 years before it was replaced. It was replaced by America’s Global Positioning System, or Global Positioning System (GPS) as it became better known by smartphone users around the world.

Other countries have launched their own versions, including the Soviet Union’s Glonass system in the late 1960s, China’s BeiDou system in 2000 and India’s IRNSS, which provides subcontinent coverage. The European Union also has its own Galileo system.

Satellite navigation devices now allow us to drive our cars to destinations without using a paper map, as well as make long distance phone calls around the world.

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