Biodegradable plastic… The most important green and environmentally friendly petrochemical projects

The petroleum sector is targeting an integrated plan to be implemented and implemented in order to increase the capabilities of the Egyptian petrochemical industry. It is continuing to achieve its goals through a group of ambitious new projects. These projects include a number of green and environmentally friendly petrochemical projects that include the following..

1- The new projects that work has begun on its establishment include the bio-ethanol production project from molasses in Damietta.

2- A study has begun to establish a number of environmentally friendly projects, such as the biodegradable plastic project and the green naphtha production project from algae oil.

3- In parallel with the new projects, important projects for the replacement, development and renewal of the existing petrochemical projects were implemented, foremost of which are the projects for the development and renovation of the Egyptian Petrochemical Company’s factories in Alexandria, where the project of replacing and renewing the VCM production plant was completed to increase the capacity by 125%, which led to raising the design capacity of the plant to 125%, to produce 125,000 tons of VCM annually, with investments of about 900 million pounds.

It is noteworthy that the petrochemical projects being implemented include the following:

1- The project for the production of medium-density wood panels (MDF) at the Wood Technology Company “WOTEH and Tech” in Beheira Governorate: with the aim of producing 205 thousand cubic meters annually of medium-density wood panels (MDF) based on 245 thousand tons annually of Egyptian rice straw as a raw material, which makes it Projects that achieve significant environmental and economic returns.

2- The project for the production of methanol derivatives in Damietta: with the aim of producing 87 thousand tons annually of urea formaldehyde and 52 thousand tons annually of sulfonated naphthalene formaldehyde SNF, depending on the producers of methanol and urea produced by Emthanex and Mopco.

3- The Red Sea Petrochemical Complex The project aims to establish a giant petrochemical complex in the economic zone at the Suez Canal axis, in order to contribute to meeting the needs of the local market of important products that are in increasing demand locally and globally for export, and in line with the state’s plan to develop the economic zone.

A study by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), under the title of the role of renewable biomaterials and biofuels in the production of bioplastics, was the most important green petrochemical industry project in Egypt.

In 2021, and within the framework of the updated National Petrochemicals Plan 2020-2035, the Ministry of Petroleum in the Arab Republic of Egypt announced a package of projects in the green petrochemical industry, which included taking executive measures for the Egyptian Bioethanol Company project, in the city of Damietta, with a capacity of 100,000 tons annually. of sugar beet molasses (beetroot), at an investment cost of about 100 million US dollars.

And the study continued, bio-ethanol is used in a number of chemical industries, including the production of ethylene, bio-polyethylene, acetic acid, acetaldehyde, acetone, and ethyl acetate, in addition to the production of inks and paints.

The study added that the Arab Republic of Egypt was the first in the production of bioethanol through local sugar companies, and its use in the production of bioethylene with a capacity of 60 thousand tons annually for the production of polyvinyl chloride by the Indian company TCE Sanmar in the Port Said region.

The study referred to the announcement by the Ministry of Petroleum in May 2022 of planning to implement three other projects in the field of green petrochemicals, which is the algae oil extraction project in cooperation with the UAE company, Riga Green Energy, and the production of bio-naphtha with a production capacity of 350,000 tons annually, with investments of up to To about $600 million, in addition to another project to produce polylactic acid, with a capacity of 75,000 tons annually, with financial investments amounting to about $600 million, and a third project to convert plastic waste into building raw materials, to produce sustainable polyethylene with a production capacity of 30,000 tons annually. With an investment of $50 million.

And the study continued, that in terms of scientific research, researchers affiliated with the National Research Center succeeded in isolating types of bacteria present in the soil to produce biodegradable bioplastic of the type poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate.

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