Discover 5 types of bumblebees in the Russian Arctic.. Get to know it

Scientists at the Arctic Study Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences have found 5 species of bumblebees on Kolgoev Island in the Barents Sea in northern Russia, according to a Russia Today report.

The head of the team of scientists and the leading researcher in the Environmental Systems Laboratory at the center, Grigory Potapov, said in an interview with the Russian “TASS” agency that genetic studies of insects were conducted on that island for the first time, and resulted in the discovery of 5 types of bumblebees, including two species. Few in number and 3 widespread species, and among the most widespread species are Bombus lapponicus, B. Pyrrhopygus, B. Balteatus. The two smallest species are Bombus flavidus and B. Jonellus.

The scientist said that (Colgoev) is a geologically young island that arose a few thousand years ago, so all its insects were migrated from the continent, and pointed out that bumblebees are able to migrate to a great distance, knowing that the width of the strait that separates the island from the continent is no more than 70 km.

These insects can travel such a distance easily, and the world did not rule out the arrival of some of them to the island not long ago.

It is mentioned that Culgoyev Island has difficult conditions for bumblebees to live in, and this area is a tundra. In addition, Culgoyev is a flat island in terms of natural terrain and where the winds blow constantly, and besides, the climate changes, and therefore, a number of animal and insect species move to the north And there may be some change in animals in the future, and if the climate becomes warmer, this will negatively affect some species of Arctic animals, and some of them may become extinct, while the condition of bumblebees on the island is still stable.

On the island of Culgoev, bumblebees often nest in river valleys, where there are cliffs, and in mounds, in particular, one of the nests of the “Lapland” bumblebee was found there.

Bumblebees are one of the few insect pollinators of Arctic flowering plants. Therefore, the harvest of cranberries and blueberries in tundra ecosystems is directly dependent on the status of bumblebee populations.

Scientists at the Arctic Center also plan to study the habitats of the flies on Culgove Island, which are black and yellow-colored insects that resemble bees or wasps.

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