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Fears that Egypt will exploit the electronic application of the climate summit against opponents – The Guardian

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The World Climate Summit opened in Sharm El-Sheikh on Sunday

The British newspapers, published on Monday morning, discussed in their paper and digital versions several topics of interest to the Arab reader, including the warnings of security experts against the possibility of the Egyptian regime using the implementation of the Climate Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh to monitor opponents, and the aggravation of demonstrations in Iran against the mullahs’ regime, in addition to How do Ukrainians face the hard winter in the absence of energy sources?

The Guardian published a report, for a number of its journalists, entitled “Increasing fears that Egypt may use the climate summit application to monitor opponents of the regime and its critics.”

The report says that the official application of the summit requires obtaining the consent of the participant to allow his location, access to his photos, and even his e-mail, in order to be able to download the application, which made cybersecurity experts warn against this.

The report indicates that this coincides with the time when more than 25,000 diplomats and government officials from different countries of the world are participating in the conference hosted by Egypt, specifically in the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

The report says: “But the ruling authoritarian regime in Egypt will be able to use the official platform of a United Nations event to track participants and political opponents and harass them,” noting that the application has already been downloaded more than 5,000 times, despite its unfair requirements against users. Including locating each of them, accessing his e-mail, and examining his photos, according to what experts in the field of data analysis told the newspaper.

The report continues, “This data can be used by the Abdel Fattah al-Sisi regime, to carry out a larger crackdown on dissent, in a country that is already witnessing the arrest of more than 65,000 political opponents, and which has also witnessed a series of mass arrests in the days leading up to the start of the conference, and isolates any An opposition voice and prevented him from reaching anywhere near the summit venue.

The report quotes Jenny Gebhardt, director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a consultancy, as saying, “This app is exceptionally evil.” users”.

And the report continues, quoting Jenny, “No person is sober, who agrees to be monitored, by a state, or allow it to monitor his e-mail, but what happens is that people often press this button without thinking much.”

The report quotes Hussein Bayoumi, from Amnesty International, as telling the newspaper that “the organization’s security experts reviewed the application, and warned of several points of concern in it, before the summit, including the application’s ability to access users’ phones cameras, listen to what is going on around them, and run The “Bluetooth” system, determining their locations, as well as accessing any other application on users’ devices.

Bayoumi said, “The problems they found are precisely the requirements that the application demands, and if they are accepted, this will allow the application to be used, to monitor you, collect your data, and send it to two servers, one of them is in Egypt, and the authorities do not say what they use this data, nor how They can exploit this huge amount of data related to this number of users.”

The report also quotes a number of Egyptian activists criticizing the application and warning high-level activists who will attend the summit.

“The Rampant Uprising in Iran”

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Screenshot from a video clip published by opposition activists showing protesters near a burning vehicle in the Karaj region, west of the Iranian capital, Tehran

The Independent Online published a report by its correspondent Borzo Dragai, entitled “The rampant uprising in Iran encourages those who remain neutral”.

Dragai says that men, women, and young people who oppose the religious authority in Iran can throw this turban off the heads of the mullahs.

He adds that the Internet in Iran is crammed with video clips of many young men taking revenge on the clerics, who rode on their shoulders over the past years, noting that we cannot blame these young people, or the millions of Iranians, in various parts of the country, who support them. .

And Dragai continues: “The Iranian mullahs’ regime deserves to be insulted, whether Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, or his clerical partners, in various parts of the country, because of their greed that drove them to offend citizens for 44 years.”

The journalist points out that targeting men who dress as clerics in the streets, while they are doing their jobs, is not a good indicator for the opposition, and it should not encourage it. Among the citizens, until you overcome the system.

The reporter explains that many conservatives, moderates in Iran have not yet joined the revolution, but at the same time, they are angry over the killing of Mahsa Amini, the Kurdish girl who died while under arrest by the Guidance Police, noting that they fear that the country will turn into a situation similar to what is happening. in Syria.

Dragai says that the opponents want to confront these fears, by showing societal unity, and presenting a political vision for Iran in the future, so that it is different from what the country witnessed under the rule of the mullahs.

Cold and Dark War

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The Times published a report by its correspondent Mark Bennett entitled “The Cold War rallies to the Ukrainians, who face winter without energy.”

Bennett says that the Ukrainians collect firewood from the forests for heating, in the face of a winter without any source of energy or heating, and quotes Valentina Livtsyn, one of them, as saying, “We used to have everything easy, but now we have nothing.”

He adds that Valentina, who was carrying timber inside her house, which has reinforced its walls with wood and plastic panels to be warmer during the frozen winter nights, is one of dozens, who still live in the village of Moshan, northwest of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, which was inhabited by 800 people. Before the start of the war, before the village became an antiquity after an eye, after Russian forces invaded it, before Ukrainian forces regained it again about 8 months ago.

The report says that there are millions of Ukrainians, who live in the same conditions, in the face of a very harsh winter, where temperatures drop to minus 20 degrees, and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky is quoted as saying that the continuous Russian attacks on power stations have led to a deduction of about A third of the country’s total energy, which leaves about 4 and a half million citizens without any energy resource.

Bennett adds that Russian missiles and missiles focused on power plants during the past month, after the attack on the bridge leading to Crimea, located in the Black Sea, which Russia annexed to its territory in 2014.

Bennett quotes the statements of Bogdan Bezpalko, a Russian government official, “Kremlin” as telling Russian media that these attacks were delayed, adding, “We need to completely paralyze their infrastructure, then Ukraine will plunge into darkness and cold.”

Bennett explains that the Ukrainian government has prepared its plans to support citizens, in the face of freezing cold, without energy sources, especially in cities such as Kharkiv and Slativka, in the east, where Russian raids destroyed most of the power stations.

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