Article (242) of work law 12 of 2003, stating that a penalty of imprisonment for a period of not less than a month and not exceeding a year and a fine of not less than ten thousand pounds and not exceeding twenty thousand pounds, or either of these two penalties, shall be imposed on whoever commits one of the following crimes::
1- Carrying out the operations of recruiting Egyptians to work inside or outside the Arab Republic of Egypt from other than the entities specified in Article (17) of this law without obtaining the license stipulated therein or with a license issued based on incorrect data..
2- Taking sums from the worker in return for recruiting him to work inside or outside the Arab Republic of Egypt in violation of the provisions of Article (21) of this law, or unlawfully receiving amounts from the worker’s wages or dues for his work at home or abroad..
or Other competent authorities.
–In all cases, the sums that were unjustly collected or obtained shall be refunded, and the court shall decide – on its own initiative – compensation for the person harmed by the crime for the damage he suffered as a result of the crime stipulated in Clause (3) of this Article..
Article (17) of the Labor Law stipulates that, without prejudice to international agreements related to employment, the process of recruiting Egyptians to work inside or outside the country is through:
(a) The competent ministry.
(b) Ministries and public authorities.
(c) The General Federation of Egyptian Trade Unions.
(d) Public sector companies, the public business sector, and the Egyptian private sector in terms of contracts concluded with foreign entities within the limits of their work and the nature of their activities..
(e) Joint-stock companies, partnerships limited by shares, or companies with limited liability, after obtaining a license to do so from the competent ministry.
(f) Trade unions for their members only.
And Article (21) states: on it The bodies referred to in Article (17) of this law are prohibited from charging the worker any remuneration for his employment. However, it is permissible Get paid for that from the employer As an exception to the provisions of the previous paragraph, the companies referred to in Clause (e) of Article (17) of this law may charge an amount not exceeding 2% From the wage of the worker who is assigned to work for the first year only as administrative expenses, and it is prohibited to charge any other amounts from The worker under any name.