Thursday 03 November 2022
Alexandria – Mohamed El Badry:
The Dominican-Egyptian archaeological mission of the University of San Domingo, headed by Dr. Kathleen Martins, succeeded in discovering a tunnel carved into the rock at a depth of about 13 meters below the surface of the earth, during the archaeological excavation of the mission in the area of the Temple of Taposiris Magna, west of Alexandria.
The length of the tunnel is 1350 meters; Its height is about 2 meters, and two heads made of alabaster were found near the temple, one of which is for a person from the Ptolemaic period, and the other is likely to be a statue of the Sphinx.
Dr. Kathleen Martins, head of the mission, explained that initial studies indicate that the architectural design of the discovered tunnel is very similar to the design of the Yubilinus Tunnel in Greece, but it is longer than it, describing it as an engineering miracle.
She added that during the excavations and the archaeological survey of the tunnel, a part of the tunnel was discovered submerged under the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and a number of pottery pots and ceramic jars were found under the muddy sediments, in addition to a rectangular block of limestone.
She pointed out that by completing the excavations, many archaeological evidence proved that there is part of the foundations of the temple of Taposiris Magna submerged under water, which the mission is currently working to uncover, as according to scientific sources, the Egyptian coast was hit by at least 23 earthquakes between the years 320 and 1303 AD. , which led to the collapse of part of the temple of Taposiris Magna and its sinking under the waves.
Taposiris, is a city founded by Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus between 280 and 270 BC, in the far west of Alexandria between Lake Mariout and the northern coast of Egypt, a remote area at the present time, and the name means “the tomb of Osiris”, which Plutarch defines as an Egyptian temple in the city.
It is noteworthy that during the previous excavation seasons, the mission was able to find many important artifacts inside the temple, including coins bearing the images and names of Queen Cleopatra and Alexander the Great, and a number of headless statues, and statues of the goddess Isis, in addition to inscriptions and busts of various shapes. and sizes.
A network of tunnels extending from King Mariout Lake to the Mediterranean Sea, 16 burials in rock-cut tombs that were commonly used in the Greek and Roman periods, in addition to a number of mummies that highlight the features of the mummification process during the Greek and Roman periods.