“Not only the Amazon region”… Large forests are lost by the world every year!

Devastation across the Amazon may be what first comes to mind when you think of deforestation, but it’s not the only place where dwindling forests are a concern, as a new study shows. as quoted RT.

This is the first study to comprehensively examine the amount of forest lost due to intensive industrial mining activities in the tropics, and researchers found that about 3,264 square kilometers (1,260 square miles) of tropical forests were lost to mining between 2000 and 2019..

Satellite data showed that four-fifths of deforestation occurred in just four countries: Indonesia, Brazil, Ghana and Suriname. Indonesia was at the top of the table, only responsible for 58.2% of recorded tropical deforestation directly caused by the expansion of industrial mines..

“Government permits must take all this into consideration: industrial mines can easily disrupt both landscapes and ecosystems,” says Stefan Gilgum, associate professor at the Institute for Environmental Economics at the Vienna University of Economics and Business in Austria. Environmental Effects“.

The study data covered a total of 26 different countries, which represented 76.7% of the total mining-related tropical deforestation that occurred between 2000 and 2019. These mining activities included the extraction of coal, gold, iron ore and bauxite.

The consequences of mining extended far beyond resource extraction, and in two-thirds of tropical countries, deforestation within 50 kilometers (about 30 miles) of mines resulted from factors such as transportation infrastructure, storage facilities, and the growth of towns.

If there is any good news, it is that the level of deforestation due to mining is now declining. Indonesia, Brazil and Ghana experienced forest loss due to the peak of industrial mining between 2010 and 2014, although coal mining specifically continued in Indonesia..

The researchers note that current political situations in countries such as Brazil and Indonesia mean a significant reduction in mining and deforestation is unlikely in the near future – they are calling on industry groups and conservation organizations to take the lead in reducing the level of spoilage..

They also point out that in some tropical countries, other land-intensive activities, such as raising livestock or producing palm oil and soybeans, cause more deforestation than mining..

As previous research has shown, one of the best ways to prevent deforestation is to recognize and enforce the property rights of local communities and indigenous peoples who lived in the forests long before the arrival of mining companies..

In future studies, the researchers want to take a look at smaller-scale artisanal mining operations that sometimes fly under the radar when it comes to environmental analysis like this, and the ultimate goal is to get a better understanding of what’s going on — and then take action..

“Faced with rapidly increasing demands for minerals, particularly minerals used in renewable energy and e-mobility technologies, government and industry policies must take into account the direct and indirect effects of extraction, and address these impacts,” says geographer Anthony Bippington of Clark University in Massachusetts. An important tool for preserving tropical forests and protecting the livelihoods of communities in these forests“.

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