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The eyes of the world turn to Sharm El-Sheikh.. Initiatives and activities of the Climate Summit to save the planet

It is expected that a wide international participation from different parts of the world will be attended by more than 40,000 people representing about 197 countries, and dozens of international and regional organizations, to participate in the annual negotiations on climate change, with the aim of discussing moving forward in reducing the negative impacts of climate change and adapting to its repercussions.

And like a beehive, all state agencies worked a year ago to organize the conference that befits Egypt’s history and civilization in front of the world, starting with transforming the city of Sharm El-Sheikh into a green, environmentally friendly city to host the summit, to finalizing the organizational, logistical and technical preparations, unlike the local and international momentum on the climate issue in all universities. And civil society institutions and the media to demonstrate the importance of the issue and raise the alarm to raise awareness of its dangers to all aspects of life on the ground. The Egyptian presidency team for the conference worked tirelessly to create a conducive environment conducive to successful negotiations.

The coastal city on the Red Sea will host 6 international meetings as part of the climate summit, including the presidential summit, which will be held on November 7 and 8, the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27), in addition to the Conference of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, and the Conference of the Parties to the Paris Agreement, and meetings of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation and the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technological Advice.

The most prominent initiatives of the Egyptian presidency before the Climate Summit

1- A just and smooth transition of energy to Africa.
2- A decent life for Africans.
3- Adaptation of African women.
4- Africa Waste 50 Initiative for the year 2050.
5- Climate solutions to preserve peace.
6- Friends of greening the national budgets of African and developing countries.
7- Sustainable transition of food and agriculture.
8- Supporting water resources for adaptation and resilience.
9- Sharm El-Sheikh Guide to Equitable Finance.
10- Sustainable transport and urban mobility.
11- The sustainability and resilience of urban communities for future generations.
12- Sharm El-Sheikh Partnership for Nature-Based Sustainable Solutions.
13- Climate and food change.

On the most important features of these initiatives, the Global Initiative for Waste 50 by 2050 for Africa, which aims to increase the recycling rate of solid waste produced in Africa to 50% by 2050, which figures indicate that it currently represents only 10%, as the initiative provides the opportunity to work in an innovative way based on the participation of The private and informal sector, and more regulated measures such as extended responsibility for the product, and in a related context we are looking to move forward with the plastics agreement to start early in it.

As for the Food and Agriculture Initiative for Sustainable Transformation (FAST) with the Food and Agriculture Organization, it comes in response to the most important challenges of 2022, which is food security, and takes into account national needs, capacity-building for the African continent, reform of policies related to food and agriculture, the funding sources needed for implementation and how to access them, and there is the Transport Initiative With the United Nations Environment Program and SLOCAT focusing on urban mobility options for the developing world, Egypt presented a practical model to the world in this regard during the “COP27” climate conference as an implementation conference, by converting all transportation means in Sharm El-Sheikh to work with electricity and natural gas.

With regard to the Water Adaptation and Resilience (AWARE) initiative in cooperation with (WMO), it focuses, in addition to policies and water conservation measures, on improving water management and linking water and the effects of climate change in the framework of achieving sustainable development, as well as the biodiversity initiative that will focus on Nature-Based Solutions (NbS), especially with the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) taking place in December after the COP27 climate conference, and the need to link climate change and biodiversity, the Sharm El-Sheikh Partnership Initiative for Nature-Based Solutions will be launched, with the aim of accelerating work on The world seeks to restore and manage the ecosystem from the standpoint of sustainable humanity, and the role of nature-based solutions in enhancing the ability of humans and the ecosystem to face the effects of climate change.

Agenda of the specialized days at the Climate Conference:

The agenda of the activities of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change, Cop 27, in Sharm El-Sheikh, includes the organization of a set of specialized days during the activities of the conference. The Egyptian presidency of the Conference of the Parties considers that these thematic days are part of the efforts made to promote climate action, which can address obstacles and gaps in implementation. Existing, deepening engagement with youth, women, civil society and indigenous peoples, among many other parties, bring them at the center of discussions. They are as follows:

Funding Day: November 9

Funding is a cornerstone for implementing climate action and scaling up ambition, and as such has been at the heart of the UNFCCC process and the Paris Agreement negotiations.

The outcome of the Glasgow Conference also confirmed the central importance of finance as a catalyst for progress in all aspects of the global climate agenda and many parties demonstrated the political will to fulfill their financing commitments.

Finance Day will address many aspects of the climate finance ecosystem, including innovative and blended finance, financial instruments, instruments and policies that have the potential to enhance access and scale up finance and contribute to the required transition, including those related to debt swaps to the environment. Finance Day will also mark one decade. or more scheduled events including the Finance Ministerial Roundtable.

Flag Day: November 10

2022 will see several notable scientific reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the United Nations Environment Program and other institutions.

The ocean sciences as well as the outcomes of ocean conferences including the Third United Nations Ocean Conference are gaining importance and links to the global climate agenda are clear.

The Science Day will include panel discussions and events to present the findings and recommendations of the reports and further enhance the participation of the climate community, practitioners and various stakeholders to discuss and engage in the linkages and outcomes related to climate change.

Youth Day: November 10

It was decided to hold an independent day to engage young people and ensure that their views are taken into account and reflected in all areas of the climate agenda.
This day will provide an opportunity to present youth success stories and challenges and will allow for interaction with policy makers and practitioners as well as dialogue with high-level champions and non-party stakeholders.

Decarbonization Day: November 11

Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement and all the way to Glasgow in 2021, many energy-intensive sectors and companies have advanced plans, policies and actions aimed at reducing their carbon footprints and gradually moving towards decarbonization.
The day will provide an opportunity to discuss such approaches and policies, and to showcase technologies aimed at encouraging and facilitating a much-needed transition and paradigm shift towards a low-carbon economy.

Adaptation and Agriculture Day: November 12

Adaptation Day will also provide an opportunity to discuss the full range of issues related to adaptation including agriculture, nutrition, livelihoods and protection in coastal areas, loss and damage, disaster risk reduction, and solutions to build resilience of agriculture and food systems to adverse climatic impacts, for example droughts and floods. .

Gender Day: November 14

Gender Day aims to bring this issue to the fore and provide a platform to discuss existing challenges and share success stories from around the world with the aim of raising awareness, sharing experiences and promoting gender-sensitive policies, strategies and actions. The day highlights the role of women in adapting to climate change.

Water Day: November 14

Discussions on Water Day will cover all issues related to the sustainable management of water resources.
The Water Day will include topics such as water scarcity and drought, cross-border cooperation and improving early warning systems.

Civil Society Day: November 15

Participants will have a platform to share best practices and identify challenges, as well as network and develop multi-stakeholder partnership opportunities and the role and contribution of civil society in this area and climate action and policies.

Energy Day: November 15

Energy Day will address all aspects of energy and climate change, including renewable energy and energy conversion, with a special focus on the equitable transition in the energy sector, and green hydrogen as a potential energy source for the future.
Energy efficiency and ways to manage an envisioned equitable global energy transition will also include renewable energy, smart grids, energy efficiency and energy storage all elements of a much-needed overarching vision of how energy ecosystems will evolve in the near future.

Biodiversity Day: November 16

Today he will deal with nature and ecosystem-based solutions.

It will also allow discussion of the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and ways to mobilize global action to meet the challenges of halting biodiversity loss and limiting the effects of climate change and pollution.

Discussions will include the impacts of climate change on oceans, endangered species and coral reefs, the sustainability of protected areas to provide human ecosystem services, the impacts of plastic waste on ecosystems and aquatic species, and ecosystem-based solutions and their link to climate.

Resolve Day: November 17

Possible solutions range from a wide range of climate change challenges such as greening national budgets, or sustainable cities, multi-level action and sustainable transportation, to sectoral solutions such as waste management, alternatives to plastics and green buildings.
Sustainable cities, green buildings and resilient infrastructure are part of the paradigm shift envisaged in the critical decade and beyond, with the aim of achieving transformative implementation based on the achievements agreed upon under various agreements and another ambitious pledge to reduce the impacts of climate and consider the role of cities in combating climate change.

Sustainable transport is another key sector that provides a direct and comprehensive impact on climate change, pollution, quality of living and efficiency, and in this regard it is important to highlight the potential of this sector, success stories and opportunities.
The Solutions Day will bring together representatives of governments, companies and innovators to share their experiences and ideas with the aim of spreading awareness, exchanging experiences and best practices and possibly building alliances and collaborations in the future.

Key issues on the agenda of the presidential summit

The meetings of the high-level presidential segment, on November 7 and 8, in the presence of participating heads of state and government, include holding several round tables to focus on 6 main issues, including equitable transitions, food security, innovative financing for climate and development, investing in the energy future, and security water, climate change, and the sustainability of vulnerable communities.

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