technology

The launch of “JPSS-2” a suite of weather forecast satellites


Three satellites will be launched in a series of five polar orbiting satellites developed by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).NOAA) to study Earth’s weather and the environment on Tuesday, November 1.

by an Atlas missile Fifth From Vandenberg Space Force Base in California, the satellite will be launched JPSS-2It is part of the Interpolar Satellite System to provide meteorologists and climatologists with critical data to help predict extreme weather events and better understand how they occur.

will join JPSS-2 to a partnership Finland National Polar Orbital Partnership (Finland NPP)launched in 2011, and NOAA-20 which was launched in 2017 as JPSS-1in a polar orbit around the Earth, the name will be changed JPSS-2 to me NOAA-21 Once it entered orbit and conducted scientific operations, two more were planned to be launched. JPSS-3 And the JPSS-4in the years 2027 and 2032, respectively, as satellites orbit the Earth 14 times a day, in their polar orbits.

Tim Walsh, Program Director JPSS of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)NOAA), during a press conference in October, “It is from this privileged point, that JPSS-2 Every place on Earth at least twice a day as the satellite orbits the Earth from one pole to the other, to predict the weather, and we really need to be able to observe the Earth’s atmosphere from this global perspective.”

He added, “To accomplish its mission, it will bear JPSS-2 Five major instruments are in orbit, most of which are also on Finland NPP And the NOAA-20and two of these tools will work, namely Advanced Microwave Technology (ATMS) And the Cross infrared probe (CrIS)on monitoring atmospheric temperature and moisture content, giving weather forecasters a global three-dimensional picture.

There is another tool called freewhich will play the same role as the less advanced clouds and the Earth’s radiant energy system (Ceres) on me Finland NPP And the NOAA-20.

These tools study the energy balance of the Earth’s surface and atmosphere, or how much energy the Earth’s surface and atmosphere absorb versus how much energy is released back into space, and how this affects Earth’s temperatures.

You will monitor the ozone mapping array and profile (OMPS) the ozone layer, looking for holes and how the concentration of ozone and aerosols varies globally.

Walsh said: The infrared imaging visible radiometer array (virus) are basically the eyes of the satellite, and will capture virus Images of Earth’s surface, oceans and atmosphere in visible and infrared light, revealing how much snow and ice covers the planet, how much of the planet is covered in clouds that can affect the energy balance, where fog covers the sky, ocean color and how this relates to the abundance of microscopic phytoplankton, The health of vegetation based on the presence of chlorophyll, the behavior of hurricanes, floods, forest fires and dust storms.

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