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The mysterious archaeological tunnel in Alexandria.. 1300 meters, the first of which is on land

07:42 PM

Thursday 03 November 2022

Alexandria – Mohamed El Badry:

Masrawy’s website publishes photos from inside the newly discovered archaeological tunnel in Alexandria, many of its aspects still shrouded in mystery, the reason for its excavation, and the statues at its entrance.

The Dominican-Egyptian archaeological mission of the University of San Domingo, headed by Dr. Kathleen Martins, uncovered a tunnel carved into the rock at a depth of about 13 meters below the surface of the earth, during the archaeological excavation of the mission in the area of ​​the Temple of Taposiris Magna, west of Alexandria.

A source in Alexandria confirmed to “Masrawy” that the tunnel was described by experts as an archaeological engineering miracle, explaining that many aspects of the tunnel that extend from land to the Mediterranean Sea are still ambiguous.

He said that the tunnel is 1305 meters long and about 2 meters high. Two heads made of alabaster were found near the temple, one of which is for a person from the Ptolemaic period, and the other is likely to be a statue of the Sphinx.

Dr. Kathleen Martins, head of the mission, explained that initial studies indicate that the architectural design of the discovered tunnel is very similar to the design of the Yubilinos Tunnel in Greece, but it is longer than it, describing it as an engineering miracle.

She added that during the excavations and the archaeological survey of the tunnel, a part of the tunnel was discovered submerged under the waters of the Mediterranean, and a number of pottery pots and ceramic jars were found under the mud sediments, in addition to a rectangular block of limestone.

She pointed out that by completing the excavations, many archaeological evidence proved that there is part of the foundations of the temple of Taposiris Magna submerged under the water, which the mission is currently working to discover, as according to scientific sources, no less than 23 earthquakes struck the Egyptian coast between the years 320 and 1303 AD, What led to the collapse of part of the temple of Taposiris Magna and its sinking under the waves.

Taposiris, is a city founded by Ptolemy II Philadelphus between 280 and 270 BC, in the far west of Alexandria between Lake Mariout and the northern coast of Egypt, a remote area at the present time. The name means “the tomb of Osiris”, which Plutarch defines as an Egyptian temple in the city.

It is noteworthy that during the previous excavation seasons, the mission was able to find many important artifacts inside the temple, including coins bearing the images and names of Queen Cleopatra and Alexander the Great, a number of headless statues, and statues of the goddess Isis, in addition to inscriptions and busts of various shapes and sizes.

It also discovered a network of tunnels extending from King Marriott Lake to the Mediterranean, 16 burials in rock-cut tombs that were commonly used in the Greek and Roman periods, in addition to a number of mummies that highlight the features of the mummification process during the Greek and Roman periods.

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