Scientists around the world are seeking to learn more about how rising average temperatures around the world will affect the weather, RT reported.
They say it is increasingly likely that climate change will increase the intensity, frequency or duration of weather events.
It leads to higher temperatures in heat waves and increased precipitation rates in severe storms, and it may also cause weather events to occur outside of the times or locations where they normally occurred in the past..
But what causes climate change? Why are global temperatures rising? And is the warm climate to blame for the wild weather events?.
What does climate change mean?
Weather is the state of the atmosphere that a region experiences in a short period, while climate is what happens in a region over a period of years or decades, and climate change is the observed difference in long-term trends in air, water, and ocean temperatures and long-term weather patterns.
Monitoring stations around the world are recording an increasing amount of information that reveals how temperatures and precipitation are changing. Some have decades of measurements, while others have more than a century of data.
Scientists use these historical records to study the rise in average global temperatures.
What is the most important cause of climate change?
The biggest impact on the planet’s changing climate is the release of emissions into the atmosphere from burning oil, gas and coal to move people and goods from one place to another and generate energy, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency..
Recent measurements show that carbon dioxide emissions are on the rise. Since 1958, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere measured at the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii has risen from 316 parts per million to 417 parts per million..
Although the change may seem small, with the amount of carbon dioxide rising by more than 30%, NASA and others say the changes are having a significant impact on average global temperatures..
National and international studies document how excess carbon dioxide traps excess energy and causes the planet to warm faster.
If carbon dioxide doubles above pre-industrial levels, the latest draft National Climate Assessment said global temperatures could rise by 4.5-7.2 degrees, leading to deadly heat waves, crop failures and other cascading effects around the world..
What are the other causes of climate change?
– Manufacturing, mining and logging
– The release of methane and nitrous oxide also contributes to global warming
– The El Niño Southern Oscillation, a pattern of changing water temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, can alter weather patterns
– Volcanic eruptions can produce carbon dioxide emissions that warm the earth, but also aerosol particles that have a cooling effect
How do we stop climate change?
Scientists at the United Nations and governments around the world say fossil fuel emissions must be cut and soon to avoid “catastrophic consequences”.“.
To keep the increase in average global temperatures at 2.7 degrees compared to those in the late 19th century, the world must reach “net zero” carbon dioxide emissions by 2050, according to the latest climate assessment..
The world cannot cut all emissions, so achieving net zero emissions requires removing carbon dioxide from the air through physical and mechanical means, according to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This includes measures such as preserving and protecting forests and wetlands that store carbon and developing technologies that can effectively absorb carbon from the air.
Even if the world reaches net zero emissions, the National Climate Assessment states that it will be impossible to prevent some of the warming already underway.